NFHS

1. Extra swings:
    a. If an element is performed poorly or ends in a dead hang, extra swings may be necessary to
regain momentum. Extra swing deductions may be taken on several elements but no more
than 2 consecutive extra swings should be taken on any one single element (maximum of 0.6).
    

    b. After a fall, the gymnast is allowed to jump (or be lifted) to the high bar and take a maximum
of two “pump” swings to initiate momentum to resume the exercise. If more than two pump
swings are taken, a 0.3 deduction for each extra swing (s) (after the two allowed) would be
applied up to a maximum of 0.6.
    

    c. The tap swing technique used by itself to swing forward and backward, not as part of an
element, is considered an extra swing.
 

2. Tap swing: A tap swing is a technique used to execute a giant or another circling element and is used to
increase speed in a swing. It can best be described as: the body is in a hollow position as it begins
the downward-forward swing from the high bar. As the feet pass the low bar, the body relaxes
from the hollow position to a slight arch. The slight arch position is maintained through the
vertical (under the bar) and is followed by an aggressive kick forward-upward with the legs/feet
together while the body, at this point, returns to the hollow position as it moves toward the level
of the high bar. A tap swing used by itself to swing forward and backward, not as a part of an
element, is considered an extra swing.
 

3. Uncharacteristic elements on bars:  

    a. Squat on LB, jump with ½ turn to HB

    b. ½ turn on feet on LB

    c. leg cut that is not simultaneous

    d. v-sit on LB

    e. scale

    f. climbing or crawling onto the LB

    g. jumping from LB to support on HB continuing to a forward roll over the HB

4. Bar change: A bar change occurs when there is movement from one bar to the other bar. A gymnast who
performs elements on the low bar and then moves to the high bar has fulfilled a bar change. A
fall from one bar with continuation of routine (performance of a listed value part element) on the
other bar is considered a bar change.

5. Handstands on beam and floor: A handstand does not fit into any directional category. It is neither forward, backward nor
sideward. An acro element must pass through the vertical plane either forward, backward or
sideward to satisfy the composition requirement of one backward acro element and a second acro
element that is either forward or sideward. A handstand moves up to the vertical plane and comes
back down but never passes through the vertical plane. Therefore, a handstand may not be
credited as a backward or forward/sideward acro element in composition.
 

6. Direction of specific elements on beam and floor: 

    a. Round-off on beam = sideward

    b. Round-off on floor = no direction   

    c. Jump backward (flic-flac take-off) with ½ (180°) twist to walkover forward (Onodi) = forward  

    d. Jump backward with ½ (180°) twist to salto forward (Arabian salto) = forward   

    e. Cartwheel or dive cartwheel = sideward

    f. Aerial cartwheel = sideward

    g. Handstand = no direction

    h. Butterfly forward or backward = sideward

    i. Aerial round-off = sideward

    j. Sideward salto = sideward

    k. Flic-flac with ¼ twist (90°) to side handstand = backward

    l. Backward roll to handstand = backward

    m. Tic-Toc on beam and floor = forward or backward

Copyright ©2011 National Federation of State High School Associations. All Rights Reserved.